The Philadelphia Print Shop West always has an good inventory of original, antique maps of Texas, which range from maps before 1835, showing the Mexican state of Tejas, maps between 1835 and 1845 showing Texas as a republic, and state maps thereafter. You can see our current inventory by clicking on the button below.
Texas was originally part of Coahuila y Tejas, a state of Mexico. In 1823, Stephen F. Austin received a grant from the Mexican government to settle in the region of the Brazos River. He brought along 300 families and created the Anglo settlement there. Relations between the Texans and Mexicans soon deteriorated over differences in religion, culture and politics. This led to the Mexican government trying to crack down on the independence of the Texans, which in turn led to armed conflict in 1835. The following year, on March 2, 1836, the Texans declared independence, creating the Republic of Texas, and this was secured in fact at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. Texas remained an independent republic until the end of 1845, when Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state. The Mexican-American war followed, resulting in the Treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo on February 2, 1848, which not only confirmed Texas’ status as an American state, but also led to the acquisition of the Mexican states of New Mexico and Upper California.
The republic and state of Texas both claimed the lands to the east of the Rio Grande, with Texan claims thus extending its territory to the north–along what is often called the ‘chimney pipe’–west of the Continental Divide all the way to what is today’s northern Colorado border. In the Compromise of 1850, Texas gave up these claims, in exchange for the U.S. government taking on its debts–and thus took on its current borders.
Antique maps of Texas are among the most popular American state maps. The earliest maps show Texas as part of Mexico, then there are maps which show Texas as an independent republic, the latter being particularly desirable among collectors. Finally, state maps of Texas are of considerable interest because they show the gradual spread of settlement across the state.