“Oklahoma and Indian Territory.” From The Century Atlas. New York: The Century Co., 1897. Color cerograph by Matthews-Northrup Co., Buffalo. 10 1/2 x 15. Very good condition.
This map shows what would, a decade after it was issued, become the state of Oklahoma. The original Indian Territory west of the Mississippi encompassed most of the original Louisiana Purchase, not including Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana. With the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the Indian Territory was shrunk to just that part of the purchase south of the 37th parallel (the southern Kansas border), essentially today’s Oklahoma. After the Civil War, the western part of this territory was taken back from the Indians and in 1890 became the Oklahoma Territory. This map shows that configuration, with the Oklahoma Territory in the west (including the panhandle) and the final, small Indian Territory in the east. Realizing they might be legislated out of existence, the citizens of the Indian Territory applied to statehood (as the state of Sequoyah) in 1905, but Congress instead turned the entire area shown here into the state of Oklahoma in 1907.