Amos Doolittle. “Vermont From actual Survey.” From Carey’s American Edition of Guthrie’s Geography Improved. Philadelphia: Mathew Carey, 1795. 14 1/2 x 12. Engraving by A. Doolittle. Some repaired tears and narrow margin on right. Good condition.
One of the earliest maps of Vermont by two of the most important figures in early American cartography: it was drawn and engraved by Amos Doolittle and published by Mathew Carey. It was issued in the American edition of Guthrie’s Geography Improved, published in 1795 by Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps, utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner. Amos Doolittle was a New Hampshire cartographer and engraver, who produced many of the best early maps of New England. This map of Vermont is a fine example of his work. The map shows the development of the state at the time, broken into counties and townships. The major towns, Dartmouth College, the Green Mountains and the fairly extensive road system are all indicated. The decorative appeal of the map is enhanced by the title cartouche, which includes pine trees and rush water. This is an excellent item of Vermont interest.