U.S. Coastal Survey 1877 Chart of South Carolina and Georgia


A.D. Bache & Benjamin Peirce. “Coast Chart No. 155. Coast of South Carolina and Georgia; including Port Royal Sound and Savannah River.” Washington: U.S. Coastal Survey, 1877, printed Oct. 3, 1889, corrected to Jan. 6, 1890. Separately issued U.S. coastal chart; sheet 155. 32 1/2 x 40. Lithograph. Some crumpling to bottom margin. Otherwise, very good condition.

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A highly detailed chart showing the southeastern coast of the United States from Skiddaway Island to St. Helena Island, and including the Port Royal Sound and the Savannah River; a fine example of the output of the U.S. Coast Survey.  The single-minded purpose of Ferdinand Hassler, a Swiss immigrant, is what first brought the Coast Survey into existence.  As the first Superintendent of the Coast Survey, 1816-1818 and 1832-1843, he imbued the organization with love of “truth” and unswerving compromise with the twin principles of accuracy and precision. His motto was: “It is the duty of every man to be honest and to do good.”  Following his death in 1843, Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took over the helm of the Coast Survey.  Bache, with his friend Joseph Henry, was dedicated to elevating American science to the front ranks of the world community. As opposed to Hassler who was politically naive, Bache moved smoothly through the American political scene for the benefit of the Coast Survey and American science.  The Coast Survey prospered during his tenure as Superintendent and became the first great science organization of the United States Federal Government.  Professionally, he became a guiding light of the American Association for the Advancement of Science [presided over three of the first six meetings of the AAAS] and was a founder of the National Academy of Sciences.  This chart reflects Hassler and Bache’s dedication and care, and that of all the other superb scientists and craftsmen who worked for the U.S. Coast Survey.

This chart shows the southeast coast with excellent detail.  It was first issued in 1873 and corrected to 1888.  This separately issued chart was intended for use for navigation and it contains all navigational information necessary for a ship’s captain.  Soundings and other navigational details are precisely depicted on the map.  Interior information is shown for the coastal lands and includes depictions of Beaufort and Savannah.