“Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Liber Primus.” Title page from Braun & Hogenberg’s Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Cologne, . Engraving. Hand color. 14 1/4 x 8 7/8. Some soiling in margins and manuscript writing in top margin.
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The title page of the first volume of Braun & Hogenberg’s famous Civitates Orbis Terrarum. A goddess of culture and learning sits atop a pedestal surround by architectural motifs. Beneath her and flanking are two figures. One is a barbaric man with an early tool and sheaf of grain, representing the first vestiges of civilization. The other is a Greco-Roman figure, representing classical civilization, who has an owl at his feet, representing wisdom. At the base of the structure are three scenes of ancient development in the cities of the world.