“Arkansas.” New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1866. 11 7/8 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Hand color. Light spots in margins, else very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Arkansas, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown, especially between Little Rock and Memphis on the border of its neighbor Tennessee. Much of the state was still unsettled at this time, particularly in the west towards the Indian Territories in Oklahoma.