“Dakota.” Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 14 3/4 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A map of the Dakota Territory issued by O.W. Gray in Philadelphia. The territory, not yet separated into two, is shown with its counties and what settlements there were around the time of the Centennial. Settlement is primarily in the southeast and along the rivers. Also of interest is the Northern Pacific Railroad line shown crossing the territory and passing through Bismarck. This map was issued just after Custer’s famous expedition to the Black Hills, which led to the gold rush there. On this map the hills are shown, but only as the location of the Sioux and part of “Reservation For Different Tribes.” The latter was ignored and then wiped out as the result of the gold rush. A nice image of the territory on the cusp of big changes.