H.S. Tanner. “Florida.” From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. 14 1/2 x 11 1/2. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original color. Small stain in bottom margin. Otherwise, very good condition.
A striking map of Florida from the mid-nineteenth century, showing the state at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. This map was issued by the S. Augustus Mitchell firm, which for much of the middle part of the nineteenth century dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.’s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father’s earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner’s atlas of the 1830s. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell’s firm became so important. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, canals, and railroads. A table at the bottom lists the steamboat routes in the state; an important bit of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south. Also included are inset maps of Tallahassee, St. Augustine, and Pensacola. A fascinating Florida document from mid-century.