Henry S. Tanner. “A New Map of Ohio with its Canals Roads & Distances.” From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1843. 14 x 11 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color.
A crisp, detailed map by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. The success of his important, but large American Atlas led Tanner to produce a more manageably sized atlas, the Universal Atlas. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important. This map of Ohio is typical of Tanner’s excellent output. Of interest is the depiction of the burgeoning transportation network, with the canals, roads, and railroads particularly noted. At the top is a list of the steam boat routes in the state, while at the bottom is a profile of the Ohio Canal, running from Portsmouth to Cleveland. Also included is an inset map of downtown Cincinnati.