Henry S. Tanner. “A New Map of Arkansas with its Canals, Roads & Distances.” From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844. 13 1/2 x 10 7/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A strong and beautifully crafted map of Arkansas by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his 1833 Universal Atlas, of more manageable size.
This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. Carey & Hart reissued their version of the Tanner Universal Atlas in 1843. The map shows Arkansas less than a decade after it became a state. It is typical of Tanner’s work, with excellent detail, with roads, towns, counties and much topography. Of note is the list of steamboat routes along the top.