J. Calvin Smith. “Guide Through Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, & Iowa.” New York: J. H. Colton & Co., 1856. 21 x 25. Lithograph by S. Stiles, Sherman & Smith. Full original hand-color. Printed on banknote paper with folds as issued. Some minor breaks at folds and light staining at left. Overall, very good condition.
A striking, separately issued map of the midwest by John Calvin Smith, a New York surveyor and publisher who specialized in the area. This folding maps was intended for use especially by the myriad new emigrants to the nation’s center who were arriving in large numbers in the middle nineteenth century. The map presents a highly detailed and accurate view of the region on the eve of the Civil War, an important time for the midwest. The states and territories of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa are shown with varying amounts of information, reflecting their different stages of development, from almost fully settled Ohio to the relative undeveloped Iowa and Minnesota. Information depicted includes towns, postal stations, rivers, lakes, roads, canals, railroads and townships; also indicated is the survey grid-work for the U. S. Survey underway at the time. In an insert in the top right corner contains census data from the 1850 national census.