Lord Baltimore map of Maryland, 1671


John Ogilby.  “Nova Terrae-Mariae Tabulae.”  London: J. Ogilby, 1671.  Engraving.  11 3/4 x 15.  Hand color.  Very good condition.  Framed to museum standards.

Categories: ,


A fine example of the first obtainable map of Maryland, issued in Ogilby’s America in 1671.  It is the second edition of the map, which was originally issued in a pamphlet issued in 1635 to promote the settling of Lord Baltimore’s colony.  Ogilby received his information for the map and for his text on Maryland directly from Lord Baltimore, whose coast of arms impressively appears in the upper right corner.  The original depiction may have been prepared by two “adventurers” who were part of the first expedition to Maryland, Jerome Hawley and John Lewger.  This edition contains some up-dating from the first, especially in its improved coastline and the depiction of the ten counties.  Ogilby’s direct contact with Lord Baltimore is evidenced by his inclusion of Cecil County in his text and on the map, for this county was only officially announced by Lord Baltimore in 1674.  Also of note is the movement of the 40th parallel to a more correct position north of where it was drawn on the first edition, a mistake used by the Penn family in their dispute with the Calvert family over the location of the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Ogilby (1600-1676), one of the more colorful figures associated with cartography, started life as a dancing master and finished as the King’s Cosmographer and Geographic Printer.  In the course of an eventful life he built a theater in Dublin, became the Deputy Master of Revels in Ireland, translated various Greek and Latin works and built a book publishing business.  In the process he twice lost all he possessed, first in a shipwreck during the Civil Wars and then in the Great Fire of London.  Even this disaster he turned to advantage by being appointed to a Commission of Survey following the fire.  He turned to printing again and in a few short years organized a survey of all the main post roads in the country and published the first practical road atlas.  In 1671, Ogilby issued his volume on America, based mostly on Montanus’ work of the same year.  One of the completely original sections of Ogilby’s America was the map and text on Maryland.  This map is decorative, very scarce, and of considerable historic interest.  A desirable map for anyone interested in the region, it is a must for any collector of maps of Maryland.