“Arizona and New Mexico.” From Mitchell’s New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Full original color. Repaired tears at bottom. Else, very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son’s atlases and it shows the territories of Arizona and New Mexico, the first such by the Mitchell firm. Originally part of Mexico, these lands were acquired by the United States at the end of the Mexican War in 1848. In 1861, a Confederate State of Arizona was formed of the southern part of area shown here, but Union forces put an end to that in 1862. In 1863, the New Mexico Territory was split, this time on a north-south axis, with the western part becoming the Arizona Territory. Both territories became states in 1912. This map shows the two territories when Arizona was still relatively sparsely settled, before the Desert Land Act of 1877, which caused a flood of new settlement. Besides its historical interest, the map is very attractive, with its striking hand color and decorative border. A nice map from mid-century.