Mitchell Indian Territory 1880


“Indian Territory.”  From Mitchell’s New General Atlas.  Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1880.  11 1/2 x 14 1/8.  Lithograph.  Original hand color.  Decorative border.  Small repaired chip in margin.  Else, very good condition.


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Originally, most of the trans-Mississippi West, east of the continental divide, was set aside as Indian Territory, but it was slowly shrunk down until by 1850 it was limited to essentially the size of today’s Oklahoma (the panhandle was not then officially part of the territory).  This is the first atlas map of just that Indian Territory, issued by Mitchell in 1880.  The detail is most impressive, with the myriad rivers shown throughout.  Each tribe’s territory is indicated with a contrasting color.  Roads are detailed, as are the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad and the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad.  A final feature of interest is the information included on various treaties and resettlements.  A cornerstone map of the Indian Territory/ Oklahoma.