S. Augustus Mitchell. “A New Map of Alabama with its Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes.” From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1850. 14 1/2 x 11 3/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-color. Some staining in body.
An excellent map of Alabama by S. Augustus Mitchell. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.’s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father’s earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner’s atlas of the 1830s. This map of Alabama is a good example of this work. Topographical and political information, including towns, rivers, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. This series of maps is known in particular for its excellent detail on the transportation nexus in the states, and here roads, with distances along them, canals and the few early railroads in Alabama are clearly presented. At left is a table of distances along the steam boat routes in the state. Alabama is shown shortly after the last Indian lands were ceded and just before the capital was moved from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery. A fine early map of the state.