S. Augustus Mitchell. “A New Map of Arkansas with its Canals Roads & Distances.” From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 14 3/8 x 11 5/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Full margins. A small rubbed spot in bottom right corner of border. Otherwise, very good condition.
A fine Arkansas map by S. Augustus Mitchell, issued a decade after statehood. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.’s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father’s earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner’s atlas of the 1830s. This early map of Arkansas is a good example of this work. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. At the top of the map are charts listing the steamboat routes between Little Rock and New Orleans, Pittsburgh, and Fort Gibson. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell’s firm became so important. A fine early American cartographic document of the state.