A sixteenth-century woodcut map of Iberian Peninsula by Sebastian Munster (1489-1552), one of the first great modern cartographers. Munster issued many influential maps in his editions of Ptolemy’s Geographia and his own Cosmographia. This map of Spain and Portugal is typical of his excellent work. Topographical detail is surprisingly copious, with data on cities, regions, mountains and rivers abundant and of considerable historic interest. The Cosmographia was a compendium of knowledge at the time and it is through maps such as this that many in Europe had their only access to what the nations of the world were like.