Tanner South Carolina 1844


Henry S. Tanner.  “A New Map of South Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes.”  From A New Universal Atlas.   Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844.  10 5/8 x 13. Engraving by J. & W. W. Warr.  Full original hand color. Very good condition.

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A strong and beautifully crafted map of South Carolina from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. This map is a fine example of that atlas, showing South Carolina at an interesting period in its history, and is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders, as well as the fascinating depiction of the transportation routes.